Add Attribute to XmlDocument in .Net

Posted by OmegaMan at August 20, 2007

Category: XML

Tags: ,

Here is an example of adding an attribute to an XmlDocument in C# and .Net. The below code reads in Xml. Where there are nodes that do not contain and ID attribute, we will add that attribute using the name as the value.

 1: public static string xmlAcct =
 2: @"<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
 3: <Accounts>
 4: <acct acct='aex113' country_code='us' name='abcde' />
 5: <acct acct='aex114' name='eeaad' country_code='us' />
 6: <acct acct='aex115' country_code='us' name='eoo' id='eoo9' />
 7: </Accounts>
 8: ";
 9:
 10: public static void AddAttribute()
 11: {
 12:
 13:     XmlDocument originalXml = new XmlDocument();
 14:
 15:
 16:     originalXml.LoadXml(xmlAcct);
 17:
 18:     XmlNodeList accts
 19:        = originalXml.SelectNodes("descendant::*[name(.) ='acct']");
 20:     XmlNode temp;
 21:     XmlNode name;
 22:     XmlAttribute attr;
 23:
 24:     foreach (XmlNode current in accts)
 25:     {
 26:         temp = current.SelectSingleNode("@id");
 27:         if (temp == null)
 28:         {
 29:             name = current.SelectSingleNode("@name");
 30:             if (name != null)
 31:             {
 32:                 attr = originalXml.CreateAttribute("id");
 33:                 attr.InnerText = name.InnerText;
 34:                 current.Attributes.Append(attr);
 35:             }
 36:         }
 37:
 38:     }
 39:
 40:     Console.WriteLine(originalXml.OuterXml);
 41:
 42:
 43: }
  • Line 01: Create Test XMl
  • Line 16: Load the test Xml.
  • Line 19: Get all the account nodes using Xpath.
  • Line 24: Work through each account node to add an attribute if ID does not exist.
  • Line 27: When null we need to add the ID node.
  • Line 29: We will use the name as the ID.
  • Line 32: We have to create the attribute off of the current node. Very important, for we can’t just slap any old node on. It has to be from the current branch/node.
  • Line 40: Display the changes.
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3 Comments

  1. mike says

    Excellent, completely solved my problem, you have to ask the document to create the attribute, thanks.

    Reply
  2. Sam says

    Great! That xml library is ridiculous. (Please don’t use yellow for line number colors)

    Reply
    • OmegaMan says

      Sorry about the yellow, switched blog templates since the post was written. Yellow looked cool on the previous (dark) background but horrible on this one…fixed. Thanks!

      Reply

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