What is the quickest, least lines of code, way of creating a thread in ones code?

The answer is to create an anonymous delegate and pass it over to the ThreadPool object. Below is a class comically called DirtyPool which demonstrates these items:

  1. Self contained code, call the static ShowExample to run the console example.
  2. Uses three threads, two to generate data and one to write it out.
  3. Calls QueueUserWorkItem off of the ThreadPool to launch the threads.
  4. Demonstrates thread safe access to shared resource by using lock.

Here is the quick code example:

public class DirtyPool
{
    // Data held in this queue.
    public static Queue<string> _Operations
                      = new Queue<string>();

    // Status objects for printer delegate/thred
    // to know when to exit.
    bool OneEnded;
    bool TwoEnded;

    public static void ShowExample()
    {
        DirtyPool dp = new DirtyPool();
        dp.DoIt();
        // Sleep long enough so not to kill the threads.
        Thread.Sleep( 10000 );
    }

    public  void SetData( string who )
    {
        lock ( _Operations )
            _Operations.Enqueue( who );

    }

    public  void PrintData( )
    {
        lock ( _Operations )
            if (_Operations.Count > 0)
                Console.WriteLine( _Operations.Dequeue() );

    }

    public void DoIt()
    {

    ThreadPool.QueueUserWorkItem(
        delegate // Anonomous Delegate For Creation 1
        {

            for ( int index = 0; index < 5; ++index )
            {
                Thread.Sleep( 1500 );
                SetData( "Pool 1: " + index  );
            }
            OneEnded = true;
        }
    );

    ThreadPool.QueueUserWorkItem(
       delegate // Anonomous Delegate For Creation 2
       {
           for ( int index = 0; index < 5; ++index )
           {
               Thread.Sleep( 1000 );
               SetData( "Pool 2: " + index );
           }

           TwoEnded = true;

       }
   );

    ThreadPool.QueueUserWorkItem(
            delegate // Anonomous Delegate For Extraction & Printing
            {
             while ( !( TwoEnded && OneEnded ) )
                 PrintData();

             PrintData(); // Just in case...

            }
        );

    }

}

Here is the output:

Pool 2: 0

Pool 1: 0Pool 2: 1

Pool 1: 1

Pool 2: 2

Pool 2: 3

Pool 1: 2

Pool 2: 4

Pool 1: 3

Pool 1: 4

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